"La Argentina real” vs. “La Argentina mediática” in Cristina Kirchner's Political Discourses from 2007 to 2015

The topic of this presentation is the representation of reality in Cristina Kirchner’s political discourse. This presentation is the result of a broader investigation about the relationship between manipulation and the representation of reality in Cristina Kirchner’s political discourses. This research was supported by Gustavus Adolphus College through the Presidential Faculty/Student Collaboration Grant.

To analyze Cristina Kirchner’s political discourses from 2007 to 2015, we collected the discourses and their videos in a database for ease tracking and future use. We chose to analyze the discourses that were given every year at the beginning of the sessions in the Parliament, and the last one that Kirchner gave the day before the current president of Argentina, Mauricio Macri, took office. Those discourses were analyzed using the Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) approach, which is an interdisciplinary approach to discourse that examines a combination of linguistics features to discern how language functions in the reproduction of social structure.

The results of the analysis show that Cristina Kirchner uses the expression “país real” to refer to what she considers the real country, the country she administers as president. She describes this “país real” with positive terms and details. On the other hand, she uses the expression “país virtual o mediático” to indirectly criticize the mass media. She describes “el país mediático” using negative expressions and generalization. By being accused of presenting a different Argentina, the mass media is thus categorized as an opponent of CFK, that is, as a part of the out-group, as Them.


  • Hispanic Linguistics