Various writers of Hispanic literature in the twentieth century demonstrate social injustice. Powerful sectors with wealth and dominion abuse lower classes of social hierarchy; for example, numerous literary works reveal the violent exploitation against African slaves and Native Americans.
Ciro Alegría is a Peruvian writer who is a representative of indigenous narratives that problematize exploitation; El mundo es ancho y ajeno, one of his novels, presents the tragic destination of Rumi, a Native American village. Throughout the novel, greedy landowners constantly abuse, exploit, and finally annihilate the village. The author suggests fundamental nonconformity between the powerful landowners and the indigenous communities. For example, residents of Rumi have distinct ways of perceiving nature; for them, the land is for all members of the community not a property that is supposed to be divided and given to each individual. The mountains and wild animals are gifts that they appreciate and enjoy to live with not objects to be destroyed in order to dig up natural resources. I have analyzed how Alegría has manifested these differences that complicate the coexistence and provoke bloody conflicts between Native Americans and the exploiters.
For further research, I will investigate other works of indigenous narratives, selecting works from different countries like Mexico, Venezuela, and Argentina so that I can examine broader perspectives of this theme.
- Spanish American Studies